Recent studies of African countries looking at key determinants of long-term growth indicate considerable reductions in the growth rate of GDP per capita as a result of the AIDS pandemic. However, the household response differed by gender and by relationship status, and was similar to the findings in other studies.
Mother-to-child transmission is also a concern. To date, the epidemic has left behind In our study, loss of job following disclosure was an important observation among in-patients, majority of whom were migrant skilled workers.
AIDS has a significant impact on the more educated and skilled segments of society because HIV primarily infects productive young adults rather than children or the elderly. Haldar Find articles by D.
To date, the epidemic has left behind Mean working days lost in 1 year was Workers AIDS reduces the number of healthy workers, especially experienced workers in their most productive years. Furthermore, more people with a chronic disease seek outpatient care and fewer are satisfied with their access to health services.
Today, in many African countries 20 to 25 per cent of all households are fostering orphans. Overall mean age of the participants was Although estimates of the cost of national programmes have been published for some time, only now are estimates of clinical effectiveness being produced.
Studies have shown that children orphaned by AIDS are at greater risk of malnutrition, illness, abuse and sexual exploitation than children orphaned by other causes. The state gains because production is not disrupted in key sectors.
A less experienced and particularly young workforce might result in declining productivity. Skilled workers and housewives constituted the majority of patients. Loss of job was mainly due to illness By eventually impairing economic growth, the epidemic has an impact on investment, trade and national security, leading to still more widespread and extreme poverty.
Gender The gender dynamics of the epidemic are far-reaching due to women's weaker ability to negotiate safe sex and their generally lower social and economic status. The epidemic is eroding the supply of teachers and diluting the quality of education.
Approximately, one-third of indoor Often, this increased demand stretches already over-burdened public health systems. The stigma and discrimination they face can also deprive them of basic social services and education. AIDS also reduces the amount of money available for school fees, and forces an increasing number of children -- more girls than boys -- to drop out of school in order to help at home.
Families are also subject to discrimination if they have members who are HIV-positive, often facing reduced access to publicly available social and economic benefits. Taking into account the macroeconomic effects of interventions may provoke a number of ethically and politically sensitive dilemmas.
Wives experienced the maximum burden, as their spouses lost jobs and they themselves were either poorly paid or ill equipped to start earning. Even when some household members displayed a rejecting attitude, the households did not abandon a member with HIV. This results in a slower growth of the tax base, an effect that will be reinforced if there are growing expenditures on treating the sick, training to replace sick workerssick pay and caring for AIDS orphans.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. There is now broad acknowledgement that AIDS has become a global development crisis, potentially affecting national security in some countries. Social Impacts The premature death of large numbers of young adults has an inevitable impact on those societies most affected by AIDS.
In a number of countries, AIDS has resulted in increased mortality among children under five, and is now wiping out half a century of development gains, including increases in life expectancy at birth, particularly in southern Africa, where life expectancy increased from 44 years in the early s to 59 in the early s.
In the present study, half of the female ICTC patients were already financially affected and had to sell assets mainly due to their husband's HIV infection and subsequent illness.
The most dramatic change in the pyramid occurs when young adults, infected early, begin to die of AIDS. The degree of impact depended on assumptions about the extent to which illness would be funded by savings and who would be infected. This reflects the traditional values of an Indian society where at the time of crisis, the extended family gives economic and social support - also reflected in several case studies 78where it was found that the responsibility of the joint family often remains even when the economic activity of the household is not joint.
By eroding the knowledge base of society and weakening production sectors, it destroys social capital. HIV and AIDS affects economic growth by reducing the availability of human capital. Without proper prevention, nutrition, health care and medicine that is available in developing countries, large numbers of people are falling victim to AIDS.
This desk study was commissioned by NORAD to review recent literature on socio-economic consequences of the HIV/AIDS pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa with focus on Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.
Africa: The Socio-Economic Impact of HIV/AIDS Commission on HIV/AIDS and Governance in Africa, Economic Commission for Africa, n.d. [PDF, MB] Conference Reports and Proceedings HIV/AIDS Interventions in Developing Countries: Using Cost Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis to Help Guide Policy and Action Harvard.
its likely socio-economic impact. The present paper grew from a recognition that, to promote both better prevention and appropriate development planning around AIDS, hard data are needed.
to mitigation of socio-economic impacts of HIV and AIDS. To facilitate this, the information is organized by sector for ease of reference by policy and decision makers. The report shows that HIV and AIDS has varied and far reaching socio-economic impacts to the persons infected and.
The impact of HIV/AIDS on the macro economic environment takes two dimensions, namely the direct and indirect costs (Balyamujura et al, 14). The former refers to the cost of treatment associated with HIV related illness, which has serious implications for health care budgets around the region.Socio economic impact of hiv and